We all know by now have heard Ayurveda many times from a different source. It gives us the ultimate prevention and cures for all the known diseases. 
According to Ayurveda, there are three types of energy concentrations in our body. They are Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Food and the exercise that we do every day  depend on the concentrations of these energies.  Today, we will discuss the types of our body based on the doshas. 

  So, what exactly are Vata, Pitta, and Kapha? Why should we follow them? Is there a real reason that these things are helpful in leading a healthy life? You can ask yourself all these questions. And by the end of the article, you will realize the importance of these energies. 
 Vata, Pitta and Kapha are the derivatives of nature “Prakriti”. These Vata, Pitta, and Kapha are the building blocks of everything inside and outside of us. 



According to Ayurveda, a human body has 3 main doshas. They are Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. These 3 doshas are the building blocks of all the things inside and outside of us.


Concentrations of doshas play ample role in the physical and psychological well-being of humans. In this article, we will discuss the properties and balance of these doshas.  





Vata is one of the important of all the three doshas. Elements wind and ether are the symbols of Vata dosha, as it represents the movements in the body.


Physical aspects of Vata Dosha



  • Muscle Contraction
  • Digestive System (Assimilation and elimination)
  • Respiratory system
  • Circulating signals between organs and brain
  • Sexual function



Psychological aspects of Vata Dosha



  • Creative
  • Buoyant
  • Loving by nature



The above mentioned are few of the factors Vata plays a role in.

Maintaining the proper concentration of Vata is crucial. An imbalance in the Vata dosha could be unhealthy with few risk factors.


Reasons for Vata Imbalance


  • Improper sleeping habits
  • Excessive caffeine
  • Alcohol and smokes
  • Dried fruits
  • Frozen and preserved foods



Effects of imbalanced Vata


  • Lazy
  • Digestive problems
  • Anxiety
  • Dryness
  • Cough
  • Lumbago



No need to worry at all. We have many ways to control these factors. Ways that could get Vata balanced. Following these could not only balance but also boost the Vata levels in our body.


Below are the ways of balancing Vata in your body:


  • Eating the right amount of food that our body can digest
  • Beans and nuts
  • Spices
  • Fresh and cooked food (Root and leafy vegetables)
  • Natural oils
  • Heavy sweet and sour fruits



Alongside food, there are few other things that help in balancing vata. They are as follows:


  • Proper rest and sleep
  • Warm environments are favorable
  • Massage with sesame oil



The above-mentioned things play a major role in balancing Vata. Yes, and it is simple. Following the routine for a few days would bring out the results.



Pitta dosha has elements of fire and water. Pitta dosha manages digestion, metabolism, and energy in the body. Also, plays an important role in assimilating physical and mental intakes.


These are few of the physical and mental aspects Pitta dosha knacks:

Psychological aspects of Pitta



  • Explicit
  • Intellectual
  • Warmth
  • Extrovert



Physical aspects of Pitta Dosha


  • Perfect Digestive system
  • Radiant skin complexion
  • Great energy
  • Maintains body temperature
  • Keeping blood free of toxins


These are few of the traits Pitta body exhibits. As by the element goes Pitta is all about transformation. Imbalance of Pitta arises many problems.


Below are the reasons and effects of an imbalance of Pitta.


Reasons for Pitta imbalance:


  • Excessive heat from food and other sources
  • Caffeine
  • Nicotine and alcohol
  • Stress
  • Red meat
  • Too much of spicy and hot foods



The imbalance of Pitta often comes out in these forms:



  • Emotional outburst
  • Acidity
  • Skin diseases (rashes, inflammation or skin burn)
  • Impatient and irritable
  • Thirsty and sweaty



Yes, these things seem kind of inconvenient. No worries. Pitta can be balanced by following things:

Food to balance Pitta


  • Having regular meals (Vegetables and heavy sweet fruits)
  • Cooling spices and herbs
  • Beans
  • Moderate amount of natural oils
  • Dairy products ( An hour before or after meals)
  • Routine time for food



Following are few of the things to balance Pitta


  • Sleeping, relaxing and working without stressing
  • Keeping yourself cool (Both body and mind)
  • Spending time with nature
  • Favorable aromas


Following these simple tips could be of great help. And will also help you in better understanding your body.




Water and earth are the main elements in the Kapha. This dosha holds together the basic components in the body.  The physical structure and lubrication of a body depend on Kapha dosha.


Physical aspects of Kapha dosha


  • Great stamina
  • Supporting body fluids
  • Lubricates joints
  • Maintains body weight
  • Regular digestion
  • Sound sleep
  • Radiant, lustrous, smooth and oily skin
  • Strong physique


Psychological aspects of Kapha dosha


  • Loving and caring
  • Compassionate
  • Strong


These factors of Kapha feel great to empower yourself. But there are few things that could imbalance the Kapha in our body.


Reasons for Kapha imbalance:


  • Not participating in physical activities
  • Staying in cool environments
  • Avoiding challenges
  • Excessive sleeping or improper sleeping
  • Not eating enough or eating unhealthy diet


Outcome of Kapha Imbalance


  • Weight gain
  • Allergies
  • Asthma
  • Anxiety
  • Stubborn
  • Digestive problems


We all understand that sometimes we do fail to keep up the challenges of our health. Due to which our doshas are imbalanced. As everything, even there is a remedy to balance Kapha dosha.


Food to balance Kapha dosha:


  • Adding spice to diet
  • Warm and light cooked foods
  • Medium amount of ghee in food
  • Root, leafy and cruciferous vegetables
  • Lighter whole grains
  • Pungent, bitter and astringent foods


Lifestyle to balance Kapha



  • Regular exercise
  • Protect yourself from cold and damp conditions
  • Maintaining proper sleep routines
  • Experiencing new things





By now you all have understood the doshas. Ways to balance and enhance their properties.

Yoga and meditation are known to elevate the properties of these doshas. Aromatherapy is also a tool to balance and enhance the doshas. Regular practice of these techniques will keep our doshas in balance. In the long run, you will not have to worry about stressing yourself in balancing the doshas.


So, let us all balance our doshas by food and exercise. None of us want to have a bad phase due to some small issues with our food or routines. Give it a chance, try out maintaining your doshas. I am sure you will see your spirits in utmost bliss and joy.


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